Moving to a new place can be nerve racking experience or a pleasant Moving Companies Rates in Brakpan one. It basically depends on how you choose it to be. Moving and packing go hand in hand and how you pack ultimately determines how your moving in experience to a new place finally concludes. You should focus on making things smoother rather than doing everything at the eleventh hour. Steps like getting together packing tools like padding, tapes, boxes, markers etc., cleaning the house for important items, and making reservations with the movers should be taken well before time. Similar steps which should be taken care of well in advance are discussed below –
Gather All the Goods and Items
Gather all the goods and items you need to pack in one place. It often happens that Furniture Removals Nz important things are left behind and that is something you would not like when you are amidst unpacking in your new house/office.
Ready the Supplies and Boxes
Before you actually start packing your stuff, you need to make sure that you have all the pre-requisites such as boxes of different sizes, markers, duct tapes, and padding tools. It is very important that you have these in place before you start packing as it can be a real inconvenience getting these things later on.
Prepare Important Paperwork for the Move
Prepare a proper paperwork wherein you would have a detailed list of things that need to pack as well as the things that you have packed. It would come in very handy once you start unpacking.
Start Packing in Advance
It is always advised to start the packing process in advance. It not only saves you precious time but also reduces the hassles in the end. The lesser the hassles, Furniture Removalist Services the lesser the errors and mistakes. Even the best movers would advise you to do the same.
Use Proper Padding
Simply packing things is not enough. You need to make sure that you make proper provisions for the protection of the things you have packed. Proper padding is also important because you never know what is going to happen to your goods and how are they going to be treated. Sudden and uncertain accidents may damage your goods for good. It is thus, always advised to provide proper protection to your packed items. This can be done by bubble wraps or old and used clothes. You can even use Thermocol to add more protection to delicate items.
Take Pictures of Electronic Set-Ups
Electronic set ups can be hard to put back the same way as they were set up before. It often happens that people are unable to set up electronics the exact same way after they have moved into a new place. It is therefore highly recommended that you take photographs of such complicated electronic set ups so that you can late refer to these pictures while setting up again in your new house/office.
Pack in Separate Boxes
While packing your stuff, it is important that you use different boxes and that too of various sizes. It is imperative to do so as this will help you a lot while you unpack. Packers and movers would advise you the same as it is very convenient to unpack different things from different boxes as compared to unpacking everything from one single box.
Pack on An “Open – First” Basis
Last but definitely not the least, always pack your stuff as per ’Open – First” basis. While you pack, always put in stuff which you will need last. This way, when you start unpacking, you will get your hands on things that you need immediately.
Somebody in the forums recently mentioned that cod-liver oil really sells itself. People write articles about things entirely unrelated to cod-liver oil, or even to cods or to livers, and then they end up being credited on their Amazon sales for having sold cod-liver oil through that hub. This had me curious. Why would anybody order cod-liver oil on Amazon. What do they use it for? And why haven't any of my hubs inspired anybody to go out and buy cod-liver oil? Something Children Were Forced to SwallowBefore I started researching this hub, I had a vague recollection that cod liver oil was something children in 19th and early 20th century literature were forced to swallow, although I could not recall if it was for health reasons or as a form of punishment. Was I confusing cod liver oil with castor oil? I wasn't sure.Was cod-liver oil supposed to be good for you? Or was it a way to make you "be good"? And are those one and the same thing? Nutritional and Medicinal Uses of Cod Liver OilAs its name suggests, cod liver oil is an oil derived from the liver of a cod. Like all oils, its caloric content is mostly fat. Some use it as a means of supplementing their fat intake. For others it is the non-caloric elements of the oil that are the attraction.Cod-liver oil is high in vitamin A and D, and it was originally thought to be a good way to supplement deficiencies in those vitamins. Specific benefits of ingesting cod-liver oil are said to include:relief of arthritis symptomsstrengthening hair and nailsreducing acnecoping with the effects of multiple sclerosisreducing incidence of Type 1 Diabetes in children, when the mother takes it during pregnancyWhen applied topically, cod liver oil makes wounds heal faster. Ill Effects of Cod Liver OilBecause cod liver oil contains more than the recommended daily allowance of Vitamin A, one of the most often cited side-effects of cod liver oil consumption is an overdose of Vitamin A. It has also been suggested that high dosages of cod liver oil during pregnancy might lead to birth defects. Other undesirable effects of the consumption of cod liver oil include indigestion, diarrhea and vomiting.Today, when people take cod liver oil, they usually swallow capsules and avoid the taste. However, in its heyday, cod-liver oil was taken by the spoonful. It was oily, fishy smelling and induced a gag-reflex. And this, I believe, is what led to the punitive uses of cod liver oil. Punitive Uses of Cod Liver OilHere is a documented historical instance of cod liver oil used as a punishment:A child evacuated into the English countryside during the blitz could expect to receive cod liver oil as a punishment for stealing more appetizing food: "We had midnight feasts, but once we were caught scrumping apples and were given cod liver oil as a punishment."What I find odd about this is that during the very same period and place (England during the Blitz), cod liver oil was simultaneously used as a beneficial nutritional supplement and a way to punish children. There is something very odd about this scenario. Imagine saying to your child: "I can see that you've been naughty. I'm going to go get the Vitamin C now!" Nutritional and Medicinal Uses of Castor OilCastor Oil is a vegetable oil derived from the castor bean (Ricinus communis). According to the wikipedia: "It is a triglyceride in which approximately ninety percent of fatty acid chains are ricinoleic acid."Beneficial uses of castor oil include:food additivein candya mold inhibitora laxativean agent to help induce labora skin care product, when used topicallya rub for joint pain Punitive Uses of Castor OilIn previous centuries, children who misbehaved were given castor oil as an alternative to corporal punishmentAccording to the Wikipedia, in Fascist Italy castor oil was one of the tools of intimidation used by Mussolini's blackshirts. Dissidents were force-fed large quantities of castor oil. It rarely killed them, but the results were unpleasant and humiliating. Mussolini's power, it was said, was backed by "the bludgeon and castor oil."In the Poor Man's James Bond by Kurt Saxon there is a recipe for turning castor beans into ricin poison. The Resurgence in Popularity of Yesteryear's Patent MedicineOf late, both cod-liver oil and castor oil, after at least one generation of neglect, have seen a resurgence of popularity. Once known only for their nasty taste and punitive uses in older books for and about children, they are now touted for their miraculous ability to heal wounds, reinvigorate the body and promote general well being. How do we account for this?Food goes through fads. After World War II, American nutritionists decided that fat was bad and carbs were good. They also ruled that plant matter was healthier than animal flesh, and that when choosing between two oils, the vegetable oil was preferable. Bacon and eggs for breakfast were replaced by cereal. Lard as a shortening was set aside for all vegetable Crisco. Maragarine trumped butter. Low fat dairy products were preferred over their more luxurious tasting high fat counterparts.After decades of this regimen, Americans were overweight and suffering from all sorts of illnesses, many of which were caused by a deplorable lack of fat -- and particularly animal fat-- in the diet. In order to remedy this situation, some dietary supplements high in fat were recommended. Cod liver oil is one of these. It has high levels of the omega-3 fatty acids, EPA and DHA, which are now considered "good fats".It is likely that the people ordering cod-liver oil are looking for a dietary supplement to help heal their bodies of the symptoms of fat deficiency, since vitamin A and D supplements are available in many other forms besides cod-liver oil. It's also possible that the medicinal value of both cod-liver oil and castor oil are being recognized again by those who hope to circumvent the medical establishment's monopoly on the treatment of auto-immune and other chronic diseases. It could well be the case that some people appreciate the laxative effect of both these oils. Of course, this is all speculation on my part. It's possible that people are trying to find new ways to discipline their children or to establish fascist regimes in their country of origin. You can never tell! ConclusionIs cod liver oil a good thing or a bad thing? Is castor oil an instrument of torture or a nice nutritional additive? The answer is both. Like any other substance, it depends on how you use it. There are no bad substances or good substances, but what you make of what you have at hand is entirely up to you. Let's just hope that all those people who have been ordering cod liver oil will use it wisely. When they randomly wander off-topic into an Amazon capsule and start ordering nutritional supplements, let's hope our readers use them for good rather than evil. After all, every object on earth can serve to further whatever purpose we are pursuing. This is true of not just cod-liver oil, but each and every product we peddle on-line!(c) 2010 Aya Katz
IntroductionOn the June 1st 1960, Bazil Thorne won 100, 000 pounds in the tenth Opera House Lottery. Little did he or his wife Freda know, this substantial win would affect his family in a way no body would ever dream of and forever change Australia's way of life. A Strange VisitorA few weeks before Graeme was murdered, Mrs Thorne answered a knock at her front door. A man of European appearance asked Mrs Thorne if she knew a man by the name of Mr Bognor. Mrs Thorne said that she didn't know of anybody by that name and closed the door. The "Stocky" ManIn the days leading up to the kidnapping and murder of Graeme Thorne, several people noticed a "stocky" built man of olive complextion sitting in the park directly across the road from the Thorne house. The description of the man was very similar to the description Mrs Thorne had given of the man who had knocked on her door a few weeks before. July 7th, 1960Early on the morning of July 7th, a man by the name of Cecil Denmeade noticed an iridescent blue Ford model car parked on an intersection less than 100m from the Thornes' house. Shortly after 8:30am, Graeme Thorne left for school. He was to walk to the nearby corner of O'Brien and Wellington Streets, where he was to be picked up by family friend Phyllis Smythe and her two sons and taken to school at Scots College in the nearby suburb of Bellevue Hill. When Mrs Smythe arrived and noticed Graeme was not waiting for her, she sent one of her sons to go and look for him. When he couldn't be found, Mrs Smythe drove straight to the Thorne's house. Upon learning that her son was not at his usual pick up spot, Mrs Thorne phone the Bondi police to report her son missing. Shortly after Mrs Thorne contacted police, Sergeant Larry O'Shae arrived at the Thorne house to begin investigating. About 9:40am, Mrs Thorne received a phone call from a male with a foreign accent, she handed the phone to Sergeant O'Shae who told the caller he was the child's father. The caller demanded 25, 000 pounds before 5pm that day for the safe return of the boy. Sergeant O'Shae was told if the money was not delivered the boy would be "fed to the sharks". Realizing the seriousness of the situation Sergeant O'Shae contacts Bondi police station and asks for reinforcements. Detective Sergeant Lloyd Noonan arrives a short time later. While the police had been trying to keep the news of the kidnapping out of the newspapers, crime reporter Bill Jenkings found out and the story appeared on the front page of the Sydney Daily Mirror, with the headline "I'll feed him to the sharks". Mr Thorne, who was away on a business trip arrived back at Sydney airport later that evening, he was met by police and informed that his son had been kidnapped. At around 8:30pm, Mr Thorne appeared on television, making a desperate plea for the safe return of his son. During the appeal he said "All I can say, the person that's got him - if he's a father and got children of his own - well, for God's sake, send him back in one piece." (CI-A Book 2 page 3) The caller phoned again around 9:45pm and after checking that the money was available, gave instructions that the money be placed in two paper bags, but hung up without any further instructions and made no further contact or demands. The New South Wales government offered a 5000 pound reward for any information leading to the arrest and conviction of Graeme Thorne's kidnapper and newspapers offered a further 15, 000 pounds. The Search For Graeme Gets UnderwayA massive police operation was set up, led by Detective Sergeant Ernie Freeman. Police contacted Cecil Denmeade as they were doubtful of the detailed description of the car he had provided. Mr Denmeade recalls "They picked me up in the evening, in the dark, and took me round the backstreets of Bondi and showed me cars, to try to get me to recognize the same model Ford as I'd reported" (CI-A book 2 page 6) Convinced of Mr Denmeade's description, Detective Sergeant Doyle sent 25 police officer to the Department of Transport to search and record all of the 1955 Ford Customlines. After almost a week, the police had recorded over four thousand cars matching the make and model. Each of these were located and if possible, the owner was interviewed. Another large group of police officers were given the task of door-knocking the suburb of Bondi. All major roads, as well as, airports and seaports were put under surveillance. On July 8th, Graeme's school case was discovered in bushland on the other side of Sydney Harbour, about 20km north of Bondi. Police moved to the scene and set up a makeshift headquarters at the location. The following day, July 9th, hundreds of police begin to search the area were the school case was located. They are joined by Navy helicopters, Army commandos and police skindivers. Specially trained police sniffer dogs are brought in from South Australia to assist with the search. The search lasted several day, but failed to turn up anything. Following LeadsThere were several sighting of Graeme reported to police from all over Australia. The police pain-stakingly recorded and investigated each one, no matter how far-fetched the lead seemed. Each lead was discounted. Of course, there were people that were contacting the police clamming they either had Graeme, or had "psychic" visions and knew were Graeme was in order to receive not only the reward, but also the ransom. The Graeme Thorne case resulted in the largest police file ever produced in Australia. August 16th 1960On August 16th, 1960 everybody's worst fears were realised. Several children playing in a vacant lot located in the northern Sydney suburb of Seaforth discovered a small bundle wrapped in a blanket underneath a rock ledge. They informed one of the children's mothers and were told not to touch it and to wait until their fathers arrived home from work, so the men could go over and investigate further. When the fathers arrived home, the group of men walked across the lot to the rock ledge and discovered the body of Graeme Thorne. Bazil and Freda Thorne learned of their son's death while watching television, moments before Detective Sergeant Ken Baret and the church minister arrived to inform them. Detective Sergeant John Snowden of the police scientific bureau was called to help investigate the scene. The following morning, August 17th, an autopsy was conducted. The conclusion was Graeme was either killed by blows inflicted to the head or strangulation. Forensic InvestigationThe rug Graeme's body was covered with was identified as an Onkaparinga brand rug. It was taken to the police scientific division. Detective Sergeant Snowden and other member of the unit used tweezers to collect hairs, fibres, seeds and other debris from the rug. Government microbiologist, Dr Cameron Cramp received and analized the hair and fibre samples collected from the rug. He concluded that hairs on the rug were a 100% match to those belonging to a Pekingese dog. Meanwhile, soil samples taken from Graeme's clothing were sent to Horace Whitworth, the curator of the Geological and Mining Museum in Sydney. Soil and vegetable matter were also sent to Professor of Plant Pathology Neville White. Other foliage removed from the rug were sent to botanist Dr Joyce Vickey at Sydney's Royal Botanical Gardens. Dr Vickey's examination of the foliage was able to give the police their second break in the case. Crucial Evidence RevealedThe forensic analysis reviled the following The two shrubs were identified as 1. Dwarf Blue Sawara Cypress 2. Blue Ice Cypress Combined with the information police already had 1. A male with a foreign accent 2. A iridescent blue 1955 Ford Customline sedan Keeping this information in mind, police painstakingly conducted a house to house door-knock of all of the houses in and around the area where the body had been discovered. While the two shrubs were common by themselves in the area, the combination of both was not. That is until the police discovered one house in the suburb of Clontaft, located about 3km away from where the body had been found. Police immediately became interested in the residence living in this house. The Investigation Into Stephen Bradley BeginsPolice conducted a search of the property in Clontaft, which revealed the soil under the house contained fragments of pink mortar and directly in front of the garage were the two plants identified during the analysis. Police also discovered that the house, which was recently sold, was previously owned by a Hungarian by the name of Stephen Leslie Bradley and his wife Magda. The also discovered that Stephen Bradley had arranged for furniture removalists to be at the house at 11am the day Graeme disappeared. They also discovered that Magda and two of their three children left for the city shipping terminal in a taxi at 10am on that day. They also found that Stephen Bradley was the owner of a blue 1955 Ford Customline, which was recently sold to a caryard in the suburb of Granville. Analysis of the CarWith the car located, police began to examine it. In the boot they found a hairbrush which contained a number of dog hairs, which matched the hairs found on the rug and parts of Graeme's clothing. There was also human hairs found on the floor of the car. Police also received information that Stephen Bradley had owned a second car, a Googomobile. This car was also found and examined. This examination also revealed human and dog hairs, which matched those found during the analysis. Further DiscoveriesBoth human and animal hair was also discovered in an apartment in the suburb of Manley, where Stephen Bradley had lived shortly before leaving Australia in late September 1960. Hair was also discovered in a vacuum cleaner and carpet sweeper owned by Stephen Bradley and sold in September 1960. Police also recovered a crumpled length of thirty-five mm black and white film which was sent for analysis, they discovered photos of the Bradley family sitting on a rug that was identical in pattern to the one Graeme's body was wrapped in. The Bradley's dog was found at a Sydney veterinary hospital, samples of hair were taken and it was confirmed that these hairs were a match with the hairs found on the rug. Police found two pieces of twine in the yard of the house in Clontaft, as well as from the apartment in Manley and two items of furniture, which had also been sold. This twine was examined and matched to the twine that had been tied around Graeme's ankles. Further Examination of the RugA pale-blue rug tassel, found under the house in Clontaft was confirmed as matching the tassels on the rug Graeme had been wrapped in. To further confirm the Bradley's owned a rug like the one found came from a person in Melbourne, he stated he had given a rug similar in type and colour to Mrs Bardley sometime during 1955. Finding Stephen BradleyWith the confirmation that Stephen Bradley was indeed the person the police were looking for, police set about locating him. The learned that he and his family were onboard a ship named "Himalaya" which was headed for London, England. Detectives alerted the ships captain and Stephen Bradley was put under surveillance while police submitted extradition papers. Stephen Bradley was arrested shortly after the ship docked in Colombo, Sri Lanka. At first he proclaimed his innocence, but during return flight to Sydney he told the police which were escorting him back to Australia he had indeed committed the crime. Stephen Bradley's written confessionI red in the newspaper that Mr. Thorne won the first prise in The Operahouse Lottery. So I desided that I would kidnap his son. I knew ther address from the newspaper, and I have got their phone number from the telephone exchange. I went to the house to see them. I have asked for someone but cannot remember what name. Mrs. Thorne said she did not know that name and she told me to enquire in the flat upstairs. I went upstairs and I seen the woman there. I have done this because I though that the Thornes will check up. I went out and watched the Thorne boy leaving the house and seen him for about three mornings and I have seen where he went. And one morning I have followed him to the school at Bellevue Hill. One or two mornings I have seen a womman pick him up, and take him to the school. On the day we moved from Clontarf I went out to Edward Street. I parked the car in a street I don’t know the name of the street it is off Wellington Street. I have got out from the car, and I waited on the cornor, until the boy walked down to the car. I have told the boy that I am to take him to the shool. He sed why, where is the lady. I sed she is sick and can not come today. Then the boy got in the car, and I drove him around for a while, and over the harbour bridge. I went to a public phone box near the spit bridge and I rang the Thornes. I talked to Mrs. Thorne and then to a man who sed he was the boys father. I have asked for £25,000 from the boys mother and father. I told them that if I don’t get the moneys I feed him to the sharks, and I have told them I ring later. I took the boy in the car home to Clontarf and I put the car in my garage. I told the boy to get out of the car to come and see another boy. When he got out of the car I have put a scarf over his mowth, and put him in the boot of the car, and slamed the boot. I went into my house and the Furniture Removalist came, a few minutes after. When it was nearly dark, I went to the car and found the boy was dead. That night I tied the boy up with string and put him in my rug. I put the boy in the boot of the ford car again, and them I throw his case and toys out near Bantry Bay, and I put the boy on a vacant lotmount near the house I went to see with an Estate Agent, to buy it some time before. Signed : S. L. Bradley Witness: J. H. Bateman - Detective Sergeant 2nd Class, C.I. Branch, 19-11-1960, 10am (Extract from the Australian Police Journal written by Detective Sergeant A F Clarke (NSW Police), July 1963, reprinted September 1996) Stephen Bradley Stands TrialBetween March 20th and 29th 1961, Stephen Bradley stood trial for murder at the Central Criminal Court in Sydney. During the trial Stephen Bradley pleaded not guilty and stated that the confession he had given had been dictated to him by the police, he also stated that he wrote the confession as he feared for the safety of his wife and children. Stephen Leslie Bradley was found guilty of murder and sentenced to life imprisonment, which was the maximum penalty for murder in New South Wales. Stephen Bradley died of a heart attack in 1968. Changing The LawAs a direct result of the Graeme Thorne case, Australian Law was changed to allow lottery winners to protect themselves, allowing them to decline having their names and addresses published. This case also led the way in the pioneering of forensic investigation.
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